Among the smallest in Italy, Gorizia province is a unique casket of natural, historical and cultural beauty, benefiting from mild climate most of the year, a place where, to the north, the hilly landscape of the Collio area – frequently terraced and world renown for its winesopens to Europe through the valleys of the Isonzo and Vipacco Rivers. The central-eastern part of the province is of karst coastal origin and is characterized by scrubs and marshland and artificial pine forests, whereas southwards the Isonzo River flows into the sea in a vast area of reclaimed land that gives way to the impressive landscape of the Grado lagoon. The province counts about 140,000 inhabitants belonging to several communities (Friulian, Bisiacheria, Grado, Venetian, Istrian, and Slovene communities) which maintain their traditions and languages alive, thus enriching the anthropological history of the province. The centuries of Austrian imperial rule are still visible in the neat towns, the style of palaces and churches and even some tastes in food (iota, sauerkraut, strudel, putizza, presnitz, kiffeletti are just a few examples). On the other hand, the monuments, trenches, cemeteries, and battle fields of World War I witness the struggle that rejoined Gorizia to Italy. The second post-war period, which saw the division of the world in the spheres of political influence, forced the Gorizia province to be a border area for more than half a century, a sometimes burdensome condition that was only resolved in 2004 when Slovenia became a EU member. Nowadays, the Gorizia province is at the heart of one of the liveliest areas of the new enlarged Europe and new opportunities are laid in front of its inhabitants.